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About the Demographic Portrait of Hungary
The Demographic Portrait of Hungary is published every three years, and provides an overview of recent Hungarian population processes in European comparison in a concise format. The twelve chapters are written exclusively by researchers at the institute. This publication aims to reach a wide audience and strives to disseminate insights to demographic processes using figures and easily understandable tables.
About the Hungarian Demographic Research Institute
Inception and History
During the 1950s Hungary experienced a sharp decline in fertility to below the level of replacement. Emergent public and political awareness of population issues created favourable conditions for the establishment of a dedicated centre for population research. As a result, in 1963 a demographic research group was founded within the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO), which then went on to become an independent institute in 1968. Today, the Hungarian Demographic Research Institute (HDRI) is one of the longest established European demographic research institutes, conducting research in all of the major fields of demography. It is an independent public organisation, supervised by the president of the HCSO. Ever since its foundation, the institution has maintained a close relationship with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and its Committee of Demography, which pays continuous attention to professional and scientific work at the institute. The research activities of the institute cover most of the key issues encompassing contemporary population research.
· Carries out research on fundamental population processes including fertility, nuptiality, marriage, mortality, and internal and international migration;
· Describes and analyses the structural characteristics of the Hungarian population, including changes in family and household structure, ageing, education, economic activity and regional differences within the country;
· Analyses and models the causes and consequences of population processes;
· Studies opinion poll data concerning population and family issues;
· Analyses the interrelationship between social and demographic processes, with a special focus on the labour market, families and households;
· Supports policy decision making by analysing the effects of population, family and migration policies and carrying out background research;
· Analyses migration flows in social, cultural and economic context, and interactions between migrant and non-migrant population;
· Prepares short- and long-term population projections on the number and structure of the Hungarian population and future demographic conditions;
· Conducts research in the field of historical demography
Close collaboration with the HCSO facilitates use of different data sources such as vital statistics and census data, and supports demographic analysis. The HDRI also has a very long tradition of survey-based research.
The institute is an active partner in a wide-range of international activities. It participates in joint research projects and organises bilateral and multilateral conferences with various institutions, centres of international demographic research, university departments and organisations from other European countries. Moreover, HDRI is an affiliated member of the European Association for Population Studies (EAPS) and a founding member of the European Population Network. The HDRI has been involved and actively contributes to several international research projects funded by the European Union Framework Programmes and by other international organisations.
The Demographic Portrait of Hungary has been published every three years since 2009.